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Which smartwatch did it better?

Who’s made the smarter move?

Smartwatch sales have doubled since last year, with nearly 1 million Samsung Galaxy watches selling within three months and roughly 46 million Apple watches sold to date. Both companies are constantly strategizing to dominate the smartwatch market, an industry currently valued at $10,223.9 million. In August 2018, the curiosity and interest for Samsung’s release of the Galaxy Watch was extremely short-lived, as Apple quipped back with their release of the Watch Series 4 just one month after. Both models boast a handful of helpful functions like GPS navigation, Apple or Samsung Pay, waterproof capability, integrated health and fitness assistants, and other surprising perks of pairing a smartwatch with a phone.

A watch from the galaxy

Both of our products, LOCI Search and LOCI Invention Analysis, are built to make developing and protecting ideas accessible for anyone. We are building completely new solutions, independent from the current patent process’ status quo. Users can easily search global patent databases, analyze their ideas via machine learning, and then protect them using blockchain technology.

Fun fact: In 2017, Samsung made up roughly 15% of South Korea’s GDP. The economic impact that Samsung makes is likely to challenge the company to give the best they’ve got. Samsung focuses primarily on a fitness approach, relying on its activity tracking sensors for varying uses. The Samsung Galaxy Watch is capable of tracking REM sleep without wasting a ton of battery power, as it previously used to. Using the REM data, the device helps keep track of sleep activity and reminds the wearer to follow a healthy sleep schedule.

We input Samsung’s sleep monitoring patent through Invention Analysis, and it received an overall LOCI Score of 60. (Figure 1) Fortunately, the ‘perfect’ score does not exist at 100, or at all. In fact, an optimal score is somewhere between 70-90, leaving the LOCI Score of 60, an average score. This indicates that the invention may be patentable and is fairly average in novelty when compared to other ideas in the global patent database.

Along with the LOCI Score, the Invention Analysis provides 40 relevant keywords, 8 missing keywords, 80 related documents, and 24 CPCs.

Figure 1: A LOCI Score of 60, an average score for an invention in the global landscape of patents.

80 top related documents

The patent returned with 80 top related documents, which means there are 80 patents that are noticeably similar to the patent that was input (Samsung’s Galaxy sleep monitoring method).

When there’s evidence of a high number of similarities in between documents, there is a high chance of the pending patent to be categorized as infringement within the patent process. These documents are just one component of the data set LOCI provides to help significantly reduce the effort and price tag of prior art search. Some of the dangerously related patents include: “Recommendations Based on Wearable Sensors…,” “Electronic device with automatic mode switching…,” “Sleep control device and control method therefore…,” and “Power management for electronic devices…” (Figure 2) Anyone can save these results and compare them directly with their idea or invention in order to make improvements, adjust to the market, and increase patentability.

Figure 2: The list of Top Related Documents and its degree of relation to original patent or idea.

Galaxy keywords galore

The Invention Analysis provides two sets of keywords. The blue keyword cloud exists to shed light on commonly used words within the patent. The red keyword cloud exists to suggest relevant keywords that were not mentioned in your description. Some examples of the keywords found in the blue cloud were: motion, sensor, electronic, intensity, sleep, monitoring, biometric, corresponds, change, pattern, temperature, transmitting, threshold, and conductivity. These keywords were some of the most frequently occurring in Samsung’s sleep monitoring patent.

The red cloud hosted only the following words in order of relevance: image, input, display, processing, voltage, circuit, mobile, and step. These words were not found in Samsung’s sleep monitoring patent, but were categorized as highly relevant and yet completely absent within the entire patent or idea.

Here’s a perfect example of how LOCI’s red and blue clouds can contribute to the patentability of an idea or invention. A quick glance at the keywords results for Apple’s accelerometer patent reveals their tactic to avoid or solely use a specific keyword. A competitor would have to be twice as careful to use identical keywords as another related patent. For example, we learn from the blue cloud that two very common keywords in the Samsung patent are “measured” and “measuring.” Thus, it helps that Apple stuck to the word “values” (found in the blue cloud) and avoided the word “measurement” (found in the red cloud). This effort in diction could have actually supported Apple during its patent review process! Kudos, Apple.

Figure 3

The patent we’re referring to was granted to Apple in October 2017 in which blood pressure could be measured noninvasively, using an accelerometer and a photoplethysmogram (PPG). This is considered a breakthrough considering that many companies have attempted to create similar products but have failed to do so. The process simply required the accelerometer held up to the chest to detect the heartbeat while the heart rate sensor would detect the pulse on the wrist.


So what’s the score, doc?

The Apple patent “Wrist Worn Accelerometer For Pulse Transit Time (Ptt) Measurements of Blood Pressure” received a LOCI Score of 68. The complete analysis returned 40 keywords, 20 missing keywords, 80 related documents, and 24 CPCs, as shown below. (Figure 4)

Figure 4: An overview of the overall LOCI Score for Apple.

What this all means is that the Apple accelerometer patent has been represented sufficiently and novelty was worthy of patentability. The patent is considered “Somewhat Unique” and had a better chance of patentability than that of Samsung’s sleep monitoring patent!

Figure 5: The keyword clouds produced from the Invention Analysis of Apple’s accelerometer patent.

Apple’s docs and words

The top related documents that showed up for Apple’s accelerometer patent included: “Sensor device and method for measuring and determining a pulse…,” “Method and apparatus for cufflessly and non-invasively measuring…,” “Blood pressure monitoring apparatus and method…,” “Measuring systolic blood pressure by photoplethysmography…,” and “Heart-function monitor apparatus.” (Figure 5) As mentioned earlier, an inventor would explore these highly similar documents and make reasonable adjustments necessary to improve the chance of one’s idea being patented.

Among the patents that were actually granted, there were 40 top related documents, with only three patents being ‘dangerously related’ to the original patent.

Keywords that were actively present in the Apple accelerometer patent includes: filter, accelerometer, ventricle, PTT, left, pulse, pressure, arrival, period, blood, sensor, and light. Absent, but relevant, keywords were: patient, image, control, parameters, physiological, display, measurement, predetermined, parameter and medical. It’s astonishing how Apple filed a medical field patent that never mentions the words patientbody, or medical.

This patent was most likely to be classified in 24 CPCs, or classification codes. The closest identification for this patent resulted to be G06F 19/00: Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific applications. 


The heart is what counts…

All in all, the Apple’s accelerometer patent received a good LOCI Score which would generally suggest an inventor should: 1) use and review the Top Related Documents to identify where their prior art is, 2) prepare to stake their idea on the blockchain with the LOCI Platform, or 3) consider filing for a patent – which Apple clearly did.

The Samsung sleep monitoring patent received an average score which would generally suggest an inventor should: 1) research all related documents AND classification codes for further improvement, 2) identify which classification the idea best fits, and 3) review alternate classifications for the idea and determine if there is a unique use case that has not yet been considered.

Both devices support the wellbeing of people and so the decision of whether the sleep or blood pressure monitor is better should be determined by you, the consumer.

Learn more about LOCI.

More about LOCI Invention Analysis

LOCI Invention Analysis helps new inventors determine the novelty and demand for their ideas before they spend money trying to patent. This is a huge cost savings of about 95% compared to traditional patent attorney searches. LOCI Invention Analysis can also help guide inventors toward “white space” where there are relatively few existing patents, where demand is high, so the inventor has the best possible chance of being awarded a patent, and/or selling their idea. Inventors can submit multiple iterations to help refine their idea and identify alternative applications of their invention. The ultimate goal of the inventor while using Invention Analysis is to achieve an optimal “LOCI Score” which indicates that their idea is unique, and in high demand.

More about LOCI

LOCI’s mission is to disrupt the global patent industry, and to change the way the world invents and values ideas. We specialize in simplifying the patent search process by utilizing unique visualizations and providing comprehensive analysis to help determine the novelty and demand of an idea. To further understand the landscape of IP and learn more about LOCI, sign up for the latest updates above or visit our website here.

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